This course focus in theoretical and practical aspects of doing science. In particular we learn how to design good experiments that can create high-impact knowledge.

This will be a very practical course, in the understanding that there is nothing more practical than a good theory.

# Classes

Here you will find the slides from the classes and other supplementary material. Notice that some things are said but not written, so you better take good notes. We recommend taking notes with pen and paper using the Cornell Method.

# Homework

Homework is an integral part of this course, since we want to match
theory and practice. Besides, without practice we tend to forget more
often. All homework should be sent to **andres.aravena+msr@istanbul.edu.tr**
before the deadline to get a grade. Please be careful, otherwise you
will get a grade zero.

**Homework 1***(Deadline: Tuesday 7 of March at 14:00).*

What is Science, according to you?**Homework 2***(Deadline: Thursday 9 of March at 11:00).*

Is the Earth flat?**Homework 3***(Deadline: Midterm exam date).*

Ask good questions**Homework 4***(Deadline: Thursday 16 of March at 10:00).*

Handle large numbers**Homework 5***(Deadline: Thursday 23 of March at 10:00).*

Practice interval arithmetic**Homework 6***(Deadline: Thursday 30 of March at 10:00).*

What is the weight of this ferry?**Homework 7***(Deadline: Tuesday 11 of April at 14:00).*

Making a house fly using balloons.**Homework 8***(Deadline: Tuesday 9 of May at 15:00).*

Test your logic skills.**Homework 9***(Deadline: Wednesday 24 of May at 14:00).*

Test your probabilistic skills.

# Attendance

By regulation from the Rectory, students need to attend at least 70%
of the classes. If you cannot attend, you **must** deliver
**all** homework *on time*. Late submissions will
not be accepted.

The attendance book is updated every class and can be seen in Google Sheets.

# Plan

- The Scientific method
- How do we measure things
- counting
- measuring is comparing to a reference
- measurements are numbers with units
- estimating the order of magnitude
- margin of error
- error propagation

- How to design a good experiment: Analyze
*before*doing the experiment- See what are the important variables
- See what are the error sources
- See if the experiment can really answer your question

# Supplementary material

## Video

- How to Write Email with Military Precision
- Neil deGrasse Tyson Explains Big Numbers
- Carl Sagan - Cosmos - Drake Equation
- Exponential Growth: How Folding Paper Can Get You to the Moon
- MythBusters Folding Paper Seven plus times
- One day, a computer will fit on a desk (1974) | RetroFocus
- Arthur C. Clarke: İnternetin Geleceğini Tahmin Ediyor (1974) | Türkçe Altyazılı (Eng Sub)
- Arthur C Clarke’ın öngürülerinin ne kadar gerçek oldu?
- 1964: ARTHUR C CLARKE predicts the future | Horizon | Past Predictions | BBC Archive
- Knowledge vs Thinking - Neil deGrasse Tyson
- “Show Me Sand The Floor” | The Karate Kid (1984)