Do you smoke?
Is it healthy?
How do you know?
Did you get vaccinated?
How do you know?
We see, we hear: Empirical Truth
We perceive the world with our 8 senses
Google “The Dress”, and watch “The Dress is Bloie”
We can have optical illusions
Put one hand in hot water, the other in cold water
Then put both in warm water
Have you ever seen someone that was not there?
and we don’t know that we are dreaming
When we dream, we don’t know that we are dreaming
We cannot even trust our memory
False memories can be implanted
We can experience Déjà vu
Michaelian Kourken “Confabulating, Misremembering, Relearning: The Simulation Theory of Memory and Unsuccessful Remembering”. Frontiers in Psychology 7 (2016) DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01857
The work of Elizabeth Loftus
Our experience is limited
We only see our neighborhood of the network, where everybody looks like us
Distrust of senses
The body is dirty, the soul is pure
Idea represented by
Both aim to Separate Essence from Accident
It is common that philosophers disagree on their reasoning
They start from different hypotheses
They use the same words with different meanings
Their logic may not be solid
Hypothesis are clearly defined
Meaning of words are clearly defined
Uses well defined logic
Math is not about nature. It is all imaginary
Math only exists in our minds
Math is the ultimate Humanist discipline
Rational thinking chemically pure
Feelings are not important, but truth feels good
Beauty is not important, but truth is beautiful
Abstraction disconnects from details
Separate Essence from Accident
The priority of our organism is
So fast and gut decisions are automatic
Instead of thinking, we “guess” or “ask someone else”
Most of our knowledge comes from other people
The “official” history is from a European point of view.
What can we say from the Middle-East point of view?
This approach just delays the question
If our knowledge comes from someone else, how did they know what is true?
People believed that Earth was inside crystal spheres
All material is a mix of these four elements.
Excess or deficiency of any of four distinct bodily fluids (humors) influences temperament and health
What other things are believed by smart people despite evidence on the contrary?
The age of discoveries showed that the old books did not have all answers
The Truth is Out There